House hunting can be an exhilarating process as you try to pick that perfect property. Applying for a mortgage isnt nearly as much fun. Following is an overview of how the mortgage industry works.
An Overview of the Mortgage Process
You have a nice chunk of money saved away for a down payment. You have started shopping for a home or have found the perfect property. It is time to enter the world of financing, better known as getting a mortgage. Before entering the labyrinth, it might help to get an overview of how the mortgage process works.
A mortgage simply is a debt instrument that acts to secure a cash loan to you on a home. In exchange for giving you the money, the lender puts a first lien on the prospective home for loan amount. If you default, the lender can foreclose and sell the home to recover the debt amount.
In mortgage industry terms, applying for a mortgage is known as originating a loan. To originate the loan, you will first have to find a lender you are comfortable with. You may have a close relationship with a bank that will suffice. Many will find it advisable to use a mortgage broker to shop for the loan that best meets their needs. Different lenders offer different loans and terms.
As part of the origination process, you will fill out a lengthy loan application. Depending on the nature of the loan, you probably will also be required to submit documentation supporting your claims of income and so on. There are no document or partial document loan applications, but most people dont qualify for them. Once your application is submitted, a lender inevitably will ask for more information or documentation. Depending on how the review, known as underwriting, goes, the lender may decline or accept your application. Often, the lender will add a stipulation to the loan that cover issues it is concerned about.
Once you are granted the loan, you will close on the residence you are after. Most people are then very surprised by what happens. Inevitably, your mortgage lender will sell the loan to another entity. To raise cash to issue more home loans, lenders sell their current stock of mortgages on a secondary market. Your lender may continue to handle the administration of the loan, but will often just hand the entire thing off.
Your mortgage will be terminated at some point in time. Positive reasons can be the sale of the home, refinancing or simply paying off the balance. Negative reasons can include default or bankruptcy. Regardless, the above represents the basic structure of the mortgage industry and how your loan moves through it.
Home mortgage quote problems? The likely culprit is your Credit.
Your credit has everything to do with home mortgage rates as lenders charge more points and higher interest charges to consumers with bad credit. Poor credit always implies greater risk, so lenders are entitled to be compensated for the risk they are taking.
If you are a borrower who enjoys good credit, however, you should at all cost avoid getting into deals where the rates and points are at par with those for bad credit. There are plenty of cases of borrowers with good credit being charged the same rates as those with bad credit. Enjoying good credit requires effort and sacrifice, so you have every right to be charged much better rates than consumers with bad credit. Even if it means having to look a little harder to find them, you should pay rates that you deserve.
Explaining Risk and Loan Points
Every point on a loan refers to the fee amount of one percent of the loan amount. Consumers with good credit may be charged no points at all while bad credit can earn as many as four points. However caution is necessary as unscrupulous lenders may charge up to ten points if they think they can get away with it. It is up to you to make sure that they dont, in your case.
Nevertheless there are situations where the lenders have to take risks far greater than the average. In such cases it may be justified to be charging more than the normal rates. Brokers often claim that they charge higher points as they are taking the risk of lending to those no other lenders will lend to. More often than not, this may not be true. With sufficient effort and time, a consumer will be able to find a lender willing to lend him the loan. These lenders are much more likely to treat the consumer in all fairness.
Not giving due attention to points being charged can prove costly to a consumer. Different terms may be used for points with some examples like origination fees, broker fees, discount fees and yield spread premium.
Front and Band End Points
Despite these terms, there are two basic types of points. The first is the upfront fees that the consumer pays to the lender. It is a form of compensation paid to either the lender or the broker for making the loan transaction possible.
A back end point is the other type of points that the lender pays to the mortgage broker. Sometimes they act as extra incentive for a particular loan. But it is mostly for loans given at a higher rate of interest as a reward to the broker. The problem occurs when these points spur unscrupulous lenders to hike up the rates with the consumer being absolutely unaware of it.
Behavioral Finance abandoned the quest of the efficient markets theory to find a rational, mathematical model to explain fluctuations in asset prices. Instead, behavioral finance looked to psychology to explain asset valuation and why prices rise and fall. The primary representation of market behavior postulated by behavioral finance is the price-to-price feedback model: prices go up because prices have been going up, and prices go down because prices have been going down.
If investors are making money because asset prices increase, other investors take note of the profits being made, and they want to capture those profits as well. They buy the asset, and prices continue to rise. The higher prices rise and the longer it goes on, the more attention is brought to the positive price changes and the more investors want to get involved. These investors are not buying because they think the asset is fairly valued, they are buying because the value is going up. They assume other rational investors must be bidding prices higher, and in their minds they “borrow” the collective expertise of the market. In reality, they are just following the herd.
This herd-following has long been a valid investment technique employed by traders known as “momentum” investing. It is not investing by any conventional definition because it relies completely on capturing speculative price changes. Success or failure often hinges on knowing when to sell. It is not a “buy and hold” strategy.
The efficient markets theory does explain the behavior of asset prices in a typical market, but when price change begins to feedback on itself, behavioral finance is the only theory that explains this phenomenon. There is often a precipitating factor causing the break with the normal pattern and releasing the tether from fundamental valuations.
During the Great Housing Bubble, the primary precipitating factor was the lowering of interest rates. The precipitating factor simply acts as a catalyst to get prices moving. Once a directional bias is in place, then price-to-price feedback can take over. The perception of fundamental valuation is based solely on the expectation of future price increases, and the asset is always perceived to be undervalued. There are often brave and foolhardy attempts to justify these valuations and provide a rationalization for irrational behavior. Many witnessing the event assume the “smart money” must know something, and there is a widespread belief prices could not rise so much without a good reason. Herd mentality takes over.
Home Refinancing For People With Bad Credit – Why Refinance Online
With bad credit, refinancing your home online will help you find better quotes, service, and application process. With hundreds of sub prime lenders to choose from, you can be sure to find the lowest rates. You can also enjoy service that can be customized around your schedule, getting an answer almost any time of day. And of course, online loan applications will speed processing.
Online Offers Better Mortgage Refinancing Quotes
With thousands of lenders online, financing companies secure your business by offering competitive rates. Even with adverse credit, you can find refinancing rates only a couple of percent higher than the average loan. All it takes is a few minutes asking for loan estimates.
To save even more time, you can start with a mortgage broker site. By partnering with dozens of lenders, one site can offer you several side-by-side quotes. Most sites will also list closing costs and points required. Of course, you also have the choice of going to individual sites to collect quotes.
When you ask for a refinancing rate estimate, be as accurate with your information as possible. Enter a realistic credit score to get rate quotes that wont jump after your information is verified.
Find Better Mortgage Refinancing Services Online
Online lenders also strive to give you better service. Most companies offer a variety of means to connect with a service representative. You can usually call or email outside of business hours and still get a response. A lenders website is also filled with a wealth of information, answering the most common questions.
After your loan is completed, you will most likely be able to set up an online account to monitor your loans repayment. You can check the status of your balance, interest rate, and even your payment status.
Better Refinancing Application Process
Once you have selected an online lender, you can submit your application online by entering your basic information over a secure connection. Or if you prefer, your application can be sent by mail for your completion.
With many lenders, final paperwork can be notarized at your home or workplace. A notary will arrive as scheduled so you dont have to make any special trips.